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A New Report On ‘The Wage Gap’ Shows More Problems Than Just Equal Pay For Equal Work

Today, the national survey group PayScale.com just released a massive new report on the Gender Wage Gap. The Wage Gap is the difference between what men and women are paid on average. The report surveyed upwards of 1.8 million people to gather the best and broadest cross-section of workers.

The results showed many similarities to data gathered from other researchers. Overall they found that the wage gap shrank slightly to 23.7% in 2016 from 25.6% in 2015.

To be clear this is just the raw data. PayScale.com took the average of all the male workers and compared them to the average of female workers and found that women made on average 23.7% less than men.

uncontrolled-wage-gapThis image shows the wage gap state-by-state.

The data analysts at Payscale did not stop there. They dug much deeper into their own data to find some very interesting results. They started by controlling for factors like education and years of experience to find out if women are actually paid equally for equal work.

“Using our proprietary compensation algorithm, we are able to estimate a controlled median pay for females by adjusting for outside compensable factors across gender (years of experience, education, company size, management responsibilities, skills, and more), and calculate the difference in pay between similar men and women working the same jobs,” said Katie Bardaro, Lead Economist and VP of Data Analytics, PayScale.

When they controlled for these specific items they found that the wage gap shrank dramatically to 2.4% nationally. This means that even women working in the same job, with the same level of education, the same level of experience are still being paid 2.4% less than men in the same jobs.

PayScales data shows that some states are better than others when it comes to equal pay for equal work. For example, Connecticut has a controlled wage gap of just 0.4% while Louisiana has a controlled wage gap of 7.0%. Again, this means a woman in Louisiana is paid 7% less than a man in the same job with the same level of experience and education.

controlled-wage-gapThis image shows a state-by-state breakdown of the wage gap after being controlled.

At first I was confused by these results. The data clearly shows that there definitely is a wage gap but not nearly as much when compared job-to-job.

So why is there a 23% wage gap overall and a controlled wage gap of 2.4%? PayScale’s data also revealed some intriguing answers to that question.

PayScale found that 18% of women overall reported being passed up for a promotion or a pay raise because of their gender compared to only 3% of men.

The problem is even worse for women with higher levels of education. The data shows that 35% of women with an MBA said they have been passed up for a raise or promotion because of their gender.

gender-raise-by-education

PayScale also broke down the percentage of women who have been passed up for raises and promotion by state. Utah topped the list with nearly 30% of female respondents saying they have been passed up for a raise or promotion.

passed-up-data-state-by-state

PayScale also found that women are less likely to get higher-level, higher-paying jobs.

“As workers age, men become significantly more likely to enter into management roles, with men being 25 percent more likely than women to be in management roles mid-career (age 35-40) and over 41 percent more likely late career (age 60-65),” said Bardaro. “The differences become starker as we move from mid- to upper-management.”

“Though the percentages are roughly the same for Managers/Supervisors and Directors, men are 85 percent more likely than women to be VPs or C-Suite Execs mid-career, and 171 percent more likely late in the career,” Bardaro added.

individual-contributor-levelmanagement-levelexecutive-level

Though it appears we as a nation have made great progress in closing the wage gap between men and women in equal job levels there are still serious systemic problems that create a much larger wage gap for women. Because women are still being passed over for raises and executive level promotions the overall wage gap will continue to plague working women for years to come.  To truly address the wage gap we need to also address the systemic gender discrimination that prohibits women from rising up the economic ladder.


One more bit of data I think should be mentioned. When controlled for education and job type one industry has virtually eliminated the wage gap.  Nationally the Wage Gap is 2.4% but among those in “Education Services” the gap is .6%.

Could it be because they workforce is predominantly female? Could it be because they have strong union contracts that ensure pay equity for years of experience and education levels?  Could it be because more and more women are taking higher administration jobs?

The answer to all of the above questions is YES.  Strong unions, a diversified workforce and upward mobility lead to the elimination of the wage gap.

Governor Hassan Participates in Campaign for a Family Friendly Economy Forum

 Hassan Outlines Priorities to Help the Middle Class Grow and Thrive hassan-at-cffe-forum1MANCHESTER –  Today, Governor Maggie Hassan participated in a forum hosted by the Campaign for a Family Friendly Economy, highlighting her commitment to expanding economic opportunity for all hard-working Granite State families. 

“I’m proud of the steps we have taken here in New Hampshire to lay the foundation for inclusive economic growth and to support a thriving middle class,” said Governor Maggie Hassan. “To meet the progress we are making here at home, my Innovate NH 2.0 economic plan outlines the steps I will take to Washington to ensure that all hard-working families have the chance to get ahead and stay ahead. In the Senate, I will fight for priorities to help middle class families make ends meet, including providing a $1,000 tax cut for middle class families, helping families afford child care, and expanding paid family leave.”

hassan-at-cffe-forum2As Governor, Maggie Hassan has worked to increase economic opportunity for hard-working families including by expanding access to health coverage for over 50,000 Granite Staters, signing the New Hampshire Paycheck Fairness Act to help ensure that everyone earns equal pay for equal work, and fighting to restore and increase New Hampshire’s minimum wage. And under Governor Hassan’s leadership, New Hampshire has the lowest unemployment rate in the nation, with more people working than at any point in state history.

In her Innovate NH 2.0 economic plan, Governor Hassan outlined the priorities she will take to the Senate to foster business innovation and expand middle class opportunity. As Senator, Maggie will fight to end tax breaks for special interests so that we can help ease the tax burden on the middle class. She will also continue fighting to raise the minimum wage, help families afford child care, expand paid family leave, and ensure equal pay for equal work.

Kelly Ayotte Introduced Sham Paid Leave Bill That Rips Off Workers

Image by Gage Skidmore

Image by Gage Skidmore

Concord, N.H. — Today, the New Hampshire Democratic Party is continuing its week-long lead up to Women’s Equality Day by reminding New Hampshire voters of Kelly Ayotte’s record of empty words and sham legislation on paid leave, an issue of vital importance to women in the workforce and working families generally. 

The United States is dead last among developed nations when it comes to paid maternity and family leave. And not only does paid parental leave improve health outcomes for both mothers and their children, but it also carries strong economic benefits, especially for women who experience less job turnover and higher wages when given the opportunity to take paid parental leave. 

During her first campaign in 2010, Ayotte said that she “certainly” thinks guaranteed paid leave is “an issue that should be addressed by employers rather than mandated by the government.” 

Then she followed that up in the Senate by working with her party boss Mitch McConnell to introduce a sham paid leave bill that would actually force workers to choose between overtime pay and taking leave time. Experts have called this proposal an “empty promise” that “would give workers less flexibility and less pay.” Others have pointed out it’s a “Trojan horse” that means “ripping off workers.” 

“Working women in New Hampshire deserve paid parental leave, but Kelly Ayotte has only responded with empty words and sham legislation that would make things worse for working families,” said New Hampshire Democratic Party Press Secretary Melissa Miller. “As we look towards Women’s Equality Day on Friday, we know New Hampshire voters will reject Kelly Ayotte’s party-and-special-interests-first approach and replace her with Maggie Hassan, a steadfast champion for working families and gender equality.”

 

EMILY’s List Blasts Kelly Ayotte And Frank Guinta For Opposing Equal Pay For Women

Senator Kelly Ayotte Official PortraitWASHINGTON, D.C. – Today EMILY’s List, the nation’s largest resource for women in politics, denounced Senator Kelly Ayotte and Representative Frank Guinta for refusing to end gender discrimination in pay.

April 12, 2016 is Equal Pay Day, the date that symbolizes how far into the year women must work to earn what men have earned in the previous year for the same work. This year August 23 is African American women’s Equal Pay Day, September 14 is Native American women’s Equal Pay Day, and November 1 is Latinas’ Equal Pay Day.

“Time and again Kelly Ayotte has blocked opportunities to end gender discrimination in pay and New Hampshire women need better. This is a problem that hardworking New Hampshire women and families can’t afford to ignore,” said EMILY’s List Communications Director Marcy Stech. “Kelly Ayotte has joined with Donald Trump, Ted Cruz, and the rest of the Republican Party to unite around an agenda that is deeply out of touch.”

“She just doesn’t understand the challenges faced by New Hampshire women and families. It’s time to elect someone who does.”

Ayotte Voted Against the Paycheck Fairness Act. In June 2012, Ayotte voted against a procedural vote to move forward with S. 3220, Paycheck Fairness Act, a bill that would amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (also known as the Equal Pay Act), “to revise remedies for, enforcement of, and exceptions to prohibitions against sex discrimination in the payment of wages.” The Paycheck Fairness Act would require a clarification in reasons for differences in wages paid to men and women doing the same work. The motion was rejected 52-47. [S. 3220, Vote #115, 6/05/12]

Again…Voted Against the Paycheck Fairness Act. In April 2014, Ayotte voted against a motion to address the Paycheck Fairness Act. According to Congressional Quarterly the vote was a “Motion to invoke cloture (thus limiting debate) on the Reid, D-Nev., motion to proceed to the bill that would require employers to demonstrate that wage gaps between men and women with similar qualifications and in similar jobs have a business justification. It would prohibit employers from retaliating against employees who share salary information and authorize the Labor secretary to seek additional compensatory or punitive damages in a sex discrimination action. The bill also would require the Labor Department to provide training and collect wage information.” The motion was rejected by a vote of 53-44. [S 2199, Vote #103, 4/09/14]

And Again…Voted Against the Paycheck Fairness Act. In September 2014, Ayotte voted against a bill to strengthen federal equal pay laws for women. [S. 2199, Vote #262, 9/15/14]

And Again. In March 2015, Ayotte voted against Senator Mikulski’s proposal to “establish a deficit-neutral reserve fund relating to amending the Equal Pay Act of 1963 to allow for punitive damages, limit the any factor ‘other than sex’ exception, and prohibit retaliation against employees who share salary information.” The amendment failed 45-54. [S. Con. Res. 11, Vote #82, 3/24/15]

Ayotte Did Not Rule Out Supporting Trump, Said She Would Support Republican Nominee. “But when asked whether she would support Trump if he wins the Republican nomination, Ayotte didn’t rule it out. ‘Well, at this point, we’re going to let the people of New Hampshire sort this out,’ she said. ‘I’ll support the Republican nominee.’” [NHPR, 12/09/15]

Trump Opposed Equal Pay for Equal Work. In October 2015 Trump said that women should get equal pay if they “do as good a job” as men. [Fusion, 10/12/15]


Guinta 2010 - 2 (Image by Jason Meserve)

Guinta 2010 – 2 (Image by Jason Meserve)

Representative Frank Guinta is just as out of touch voters as Senator Ayotte, especially on Equal Pay issues. Guinta also vowed to support the Republican nominee, even if that nominee is Donald Trump.

“Time and again Frank Guinta has blocked opportunities to end gender discrimination in pay and New Hampshire women need better. This is a problem that hardworking New Hampshire women and families can’t afford to ignore,” said EMILY’s List Press Secretary Rachel Thomas. “Donald Trump does not believe women ‘do as good a job’ as men in the workplace, and Frank Guinta’s continued support of Trump only exposes his out-of-touch agenda for women.”

“Frank Guinta just doesn’t get the challenges faced by New Hampshire women and families. It’s time to elect someone who does.”

Guinta Voted Against Motion for Equal Pay By Excluding Claims of Employment Discrimination from Bill. In September 2015, Guinta voted against a Democratic motion to recommit with instructions. “The Democratic Motion to Recommit protects women’s right to demand equal wages, by excluding claims of employment discrimination from the underlying bill that raises new obstacles for Americans to seek remedy in the courts.” The motion to recommit failed 179 to 239. [HR 758, Vote #500, 9/17/15; Democratic Motions to Recommit, HR 758, 9/17/15]

Guinta Voted for Blocking Consideration of the Paycheck Fairness Act. In April 2015, Guinta voted for blocking consideration of the Paycheck Fairness Act, a bill that would end the pay gap between men and women and ensure equal pay for equal work. “The legislation would protect workers from retaliation for sharing information about their wages, require employers to explain any pay disparities among workers performing the same job, and allow employees to seek unlimited punitive damages in wage bias cases.” [H. Res. 189, Vote #148, 4/14/15; H. Res. 200, Vote #154, 4/15/15; Bloomberg, 4/14/15; Democratic Leader – Previous Questions, 4/14/15]

Guinta Would Support Trump as Republican Nominee. Question: “New Hampshire voted for Donald Trump in the GOP Primary. Will you support Donald Trump if he’s the GOP nominee for president?” Answer: “You know I’ve said that I’ll support the nominee of the Republican party.” [NHPR, 3/30/16]

#TBT (Video Edition): Kelly Ayotte Denies Need For New Wage Discrimination Protections

Concord, N.H. – Continuing to mark this week’s anniversary of the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, the New Hampshire Democratic Party is throwing it back to the time in a 2010 debate when Kelly Ayotte denied the need for new federal protections against wage discrimination. She said, “we have laws in place right now that address those issues,” which would explain why she has since voted 4 times against the Paycheck Fairness Act.

John DiStaso asked “is additional federal legislation needed to address wage discrimination in the workplace?” to which Ayotte replied “I think we have laws in place right now that address those issues…that happens in the private sector, and there are laws in place that address those issues.” 

See video of Ayotte denying the need for additional wage discrimination protections HERE.

 

7 Out 10 NH Minimum Wage Workers Are Women

7 in 10 Granite State Minimum Wage Workers Are Women, But Kelly Ayotte Sided With Koch Brothers & Voted Against Giving Them A Raise

Concord, N.H. – Today, the New Hampshire Democratic Party continues to mark this week’s anniversary of the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act by highlighting another way in which Kelly Ayotte sided with the Koch Brothers over the interests of working women in New Hampshire. Nearly 7 of 10 Granite State minimum wage workers are women, but Kelly Ayotte voted against giving them a much-needed raise because the Koch Brothers told her to.

In 2014, the Koch brothers’ Americans for Prosperity urged Senators to vote against a measure to raise the minimum wage to $10.10, and Kelly Ayotte turned her back on her constituents and obliged.

In fact, a recent poll found that 70% of Granite State voters support raising the minimum wage to at least $10 an hour, but on this issue among many others, Kelly Ayotte puts the wishes of her special interest backers before the wishes of the people she was elected to represent.

And she’s not the only one. Every single Republican presidential candidate opposes a minimum wage increase. Marco Rubio called a minimum wage increase a “waste of time,” Chris Christie said he was “tired of hearing” about the issue, and Jeb Bush suggested there should be no federal minimum wage at all.

“On vote after vote, including her opposition to giving hard-working Granite State women and families a raise by modestly increasing the minimum wage, Kelly Ayotte puts the Koch Brothers and special interests ahead of the priorities of her constituents,” said New Hampshire Democratic Party Press Secretary Melissa Miller. “Raising the minimum wage is a widely-supported move that would have a real impact on the economic wellbeing of women across the Granite State, but Kelly Ayotte decided the wishes of the Koch Brothers were more important than these women and their families.”

Background:
Based On An Analysis Of 2014 Data From The Bureau Of Labor Statistics, About 7 In 10 Minimum Wage Workers In New Hampshire Are Women. “Today NWLC released new analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 data, featuring an interactive map that shows the share of minimum wage workers in each state who are women…In New Hampshire, North Dakota, and Maine, about seven in ten minimum wage workers were women.” [National Women’s Law Center, 5/20/15]

April 30, 2014: Ayotte Voted Against Increasing The Federal Minimum Wage To $10.10.“The U.S. Senate bill would have raised the federal minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 an hour, but it didn’t cross the 60-vote threshold for passage on a vote of 54-42. U.S. Sen. Kelly Ayotte , a Republican, voted against the bill.” [Concord Monitor, 4/30/14;CQ, 4/30/14; S. 2223, Vote 117, 4/30/14]

April 29, 2014: AFP Urged Senators To Vote Against Increasing The Federal Minimum Wage To $10.10.   “Dear Senators: On behalf of more than two million Americans for Prosperity activists in all 50 states, I write to urge you to vote NO on S. 2223, increasing the minimum wage to from $7.25 to $10.10. This is a misguided policy that will mean fewer jobs in this sluggish economy.” [Americans For Prosperity Scorecard, 4/29/14]

Clinton To Host NH Women’s Economic Opportunity Summit

Hillary Clinton To Host New Hampshire Women’s Economic Opportunity Summit, Discuss Fight for Equal Pay, Paid Leave, and Affordable Child Care

Manchester – Hillary Clinton will return to New Hampshire on December 3rd to host a New Hampshire Women’s Economic Opportunity Summit in Manchester.  Clinton will discuss how investing in paid family leave, affordable child care, and fighting for equal pay can strengthen the economy. 

Clinton is a lifelong champion for women and children.  Throughout her trip in New Hampshire, she will engage local leaders, stakeholders, and voters in a discussion on how, as President, she would fight to ensure that Granite State families have the opportunities they need to get ahead and stay ahead. 

Earlier in the day, Clinton will also tour a local small business in Nashua.  In New Hampshire this summer, Clinton vowed to be the small business president and to fight to make it easier to start and grow a small business in America.

In the evening, Clinton will host a town hall meeting in Dover, her 16th town hall or open forum in New Hampshire this year.  

Individuals who would like to attend the Women’s Economic Opportunity Summit can sign up here http://hrc.io/1R1f9wb.

Individuals who would like to attend the town hall in Dover can sign up here: http://hrc.io/1XwhYoQ

Come Support “Equal Pay Day” And Join Us For A Viewing Of ‘Inequality For All’

A message from Olivia Zink, Community Organizer for the NH Citizens Alliance.

Tuesday, April 8, is Equal Pay Day – the symbolic day in 2014 when women’s earnings catch up to men’s earnings from 2013. Sad, but true. Fifty-one years after passage of the Equal Pay Act and five years after passage of the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, we are still fighting to close the gender wage gap.

But here in New Hampshire, we’re close!

Please join us for part or all of the day! Wear red!

9:30am Press Conference at Legislative Office Building (LOB) – Meet in the Lobby, 33 N. State Street, Concord, NH 03301

10:15am Hearing Legislative Office Building, room 307

12:00pm Inequality for All Movie

We will join Governor Hassan, Senator Larsen, House Speaker Terri Norelli and former state Representative Jackie Weatherspoon at an Equal Pay Day Press Conference on Tuesday, April 8 at 9:30 a.m. in the lobby of the Legislative Office Building in Concord. Will you join us in Concord so we can make our voices heard together? RSVP here.

The New Hampshire House of Representatives Labor Committee will hold a public hearing on the New Hampshire Paycheck Fairness Act (SB 207) on Tuesday, April 8 at 10:15am. NHCA will join fair pay advocates from across the state to testify in support of this legislation. RSVP here.

IFA New Hampshire InvitationAlso on Tuesday, April 8 – Representatives Andrew White and Ed Butler will host a special showing of “Inequality for All” at noon in rooms 305-307 at the LOB.  Free!  Let  Arnie know if you plan to attend.

With a record number of women in the workforce and two-thirds of women functioning as primary or co-bread winners for their families, equal pay for women is critical to families’ economic security.

In 2012, New Hampshire women working full time, year round, were paid 77 cents on average for every dollar paid to men. The 23 cents in lost income adds up to hundreds of thousands of dollars in lost wages over a woman’s lifetime. This wage gap ultimately translates to less money for education, food, health care, and childcare.

Stand with your fellow Granite Staters at the press conference and public hearing on April 8 to make it clear that un-equal pay is not okay. You can’t miss us: we’ll be wearing red to symbolize that the gender pay gap puts women “in the red.”

Let’s eliminate the need to recognize “Equal Pay Day” next year!

Senator Shaheen Says, “We Must Make Equal Pay For Equal Work A Reality”

At press conference with Congressional women and advocacy groups, Shaheen calls for passage of Paycheck Fairness Act

(Washington, DC) – U.S. Senator Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) this morning joined Senate and House Democratic women and advocacy groups on Capitol Hill at a press conference to call for the passage of the Paycheck Fairness Act to finally close the gender pay gap.

Currently, women in New Hampshire earn just 78 percent of what their male counterparts earn. The Paycheck Fairness Act takes critical steps to empower women to negotiate for equal pay, close legal loopholes, create strong incentives for employers to obey the laws that are in place, and strengthen federal outreach and enforcement efforts to help women achieve pay equity.

“While women in America have made significant strides and cut through barriers, the fight for equal pay for equal work is not over,” Shaheen said. “It’s time to finally pass the Paycheck Fairness Act in order to strengthen laws protecting women from pay discrimination.”

As women have increasingly become the breadwinners for many families in New Hampshire and around the country, making equal pay for equal work a reality is a critical economic issue. Women and their families lose an estimated $434,000 over the course of their careers because of pay discrimination, and the Paycheck Fairness Act would build on the Equal Pay Act’s promise of equal pay for equal work to eliminate pay disparities based on gender. The legislation would specifically require employers to demonstrate that wage gaps between men and women doing the same work have a business justification and are truly a result of factors other than gender. The bill would also prohibit employers from retaliating against employees who share salary information with their co-workers.

Shaheen is the first woman to be elected both governor and senator in American history and over the course of her career has been a staunch supporter of pay-equity laws.  As governor of New Hampshire, Shaheen signed a law that created a process for addressing allegations of pay discrimination based on gender. She is an original co-sponsor of the Paycheck Fairness Act in the Senate.

Our Daughters Deserve Better Than 77% Of A Man’s Pay

As a father of two amazing girls there is one thing I hope they will never have to deal with, and we can make that happen today.

There is no denying that in spite of our best efforts, women continue to be discriminated against in the workplace.  The proof is in the paycheck.  Women on average are paid .77 cents for every dollar a similarly qualified man makes.  This is outrageous and should be stopped immediately.

Legislators in the past have tried to correct this atrocity by passing the Equal Pay Act of 1963.  The Equal Pay Act was a good start, however it is obvious that the problem did no go away.

Basic RGBA 2004 Census Bureau study compared the earnings of men and women in over 500 occupations and found that women earn less in jobs from business executive to dishwasher.

The problem is the Equal Pay Act has loopholes that continue to allow female workers to be paid unequal wages.

Many of these loopholes revolve around the fact the women do not know what their male counterpart actually makes.  In some companies the employer has actually prohibited workers from discussing their pay.   How is a woman, or a man for that matter, supposed to know if they are being paid differently if they are not free to discuss their wages with co-workers?

In a 2010 study we learned that 1-in-4 private sector workers are employed in companies that have punitive policies against employees who disclose their personal pay rates.  The same study found that another 38% said their managers actively discourage workers from talking about their wage with other workers.  Over 60% of the workers surveyed are being told not to discuss their wages.

paycheck_originalThis is why we must pass the ‘Paycheck Fairness Act’ in New Hampshire.  This new legislation would continue to strengthen the Equal Pay Act and add new prohibitions against employment policies that punish workers for discussing their wages with others.

Some people say that we do not need this type of legislation. They say that this just does not happen.  I say then pass the bill and prove that it does not happen.  Pass the bill and see if anyone challenges his or her employer for wrongdoing under this new law.  If an employer is not doing anything wrong, paying their employees equally, then this law will have zero effect on them.

It is the employers that know they are violating the rules, and have policies set up to punish workers for discussing their pay that are fighting the passage of this bill.

The next time someone tells you they oppose this ask them two simple questions:

1. What are you hiding?

2. Do you have any daughters? How do you feel knowing that they will be making 1/3rd less than a man solely because they are female?

I teach my girls that nothing should ever hold them back, and I hope by the time they reach ‘working age’ that the wage gap will be ancient history.

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